“I want to ask you a basic question,” a friend said to me.
“Yes, sure. What is it?”
“Where is Allah?”
I find it weird when someone suddenly asked that question, thinking that it’s such a simple question which a ten-year-old could answer it without hesitation.
“Allah is everywhere, we just can’t see Him,” I answered confidently.
“That’s what we learned when we were small. We have not really asked if it’s true.”
Then, he told me about below hadith.
Mu’awiyah ibn al-Hakam said, “I had a servant girl who used to tend to my sheep in the area of Mount Uhud, near a place called al-Jawwariyah. One day I came to see them only to find that a wolf had made off with a sheep from her flock. Since I, like the rest of Adam’s descendants, am prone to do regrettable acts, I gave her a terrible slap in her face. When I came to Allah’s Messenger with the story, he considered it a grave thing for me to have done. I said, ‘O’ Messenger of Allah, couldn’t I free her?” He replied, “Bring her to me”, so I brought her. He then asked her, “Where is Allah?” and she replied, “Above the sky.” Then he asked her, “Who am I?” and she replied, “You are Allah’s Messenger.” So he said, “Free her, for verily she is a believer.” (Hadith Muslim)
From the above sahih hadith, Prophet SAW has no objection in confirming to the girl’s answer that Allah is above the sky, up above the seventh heavens. This is the basic of tawheed, to understand and verify that Allah is The Highest and The Greatest.
But the misconception of stating where is Allah nowadays has become somewhat arguable to most people. Truthfully, I once thought Allah is everywhere. That’s what I’ve been taught in school and I carried the belief for many years till I learned more about my true religion and digging more into the Islamic knowledge.
Allah is completely separate from His creation. This means that Allah is not part of the created world nor the created world is part of Him. He created the sky, the earth, the moon, the stars, mountains and all other creatures and living things whether they are big or small or unseen from our naked eyes. But, Allah’s attributes work perfectly at everywhere and at anytime. He can hear us, sees what we are doing, knows what in our hearts & He makes things happen when He wants it to happen (Kun Fa Ya Kun).
One of the main proof which Allah is up above the heaven is when the Prophet SAW were taken up through the seven skies to meet his Creator, Allah SWT, face to face. The night journey (Isra’) was the journey when Prophet spoke directly to Allah and the compulsory prayer is made to be five times daily for every Muslims. The Isra’ Mi’raj story is a proof that Allah is up at His Arasy where Prophet needed to travel all the way up through the skies to meet Him.
There are few ayahs in the Quran saying about Allah’s Throne (Arasy) such as Al-Araf verse 54, Yunus verse 3, Ar- Rad verse 2, Taha verse 5, Al- Furqan verse 59, As- Sajdah verse 4 and Al- Hadid verse 4.
“The Most Merciful [who is] above the Throne established.” [Surah Taha verse 5]
“It is He who created the heavens and earth in six days and then established Himself above the Throne. He knows what penetrates into the earth and what emerges from it and what descends from the heaven and what ascends therein; and He is with you wherever you are. And Allah, of what you do, is Seeing.” [Surah Al-Hadid verse 4]
I hope the readers especially the Muslims will learn more about Islam and the basic root of the belief which is Tawheed (one God). There are many books out there explaining about this and one of them is The Fundamentals of Tawheed (Islamic Monotheism) written by Dr. Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips. May the knowledge be beneficial to us.
Do recite the du’a below for guidance from Allah to provide you with beneficial knowledge.
O Allah! I ask You for knowledge that is of benefit, a good provision and deeds that will be accepted. [Ibn Majah]